SpatialNews Press Release
Census 2000 Shows Resident Population of 281,421,906;
Apportionment Counts Delivered to President
The Commerce Department's Census Bureau released today the
results from Census 2000, showing the resident population of the United
States on April 1, 2000, was 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2 percent over
the 248,709,873 persons counted during the 1990 census.
Percentage Change in Population 1990-2000
Image Credit: US Census Bureau
Resident Population of the 50 States Census 2000
Resident Population of the 50 States State Rank as of 2000 and State Rank as of 1990
Resident Population of the 50 States Percent Change for 1990 to 2000
"The participation by the people of this country in Census 2000 not
only reversed a three decade decline in response rates, but also played a
key role in helping produce a quality census," said Commerce Secretary
Norman Mineta. Robert Shapiro, under secretary for economic affairs,
echoed Mineta. "Consistently on time and under budget, Census 2000 has
been the largest and one of the most professional operations run by
government," he said, adding that its conduct had "set a standard for
future censuses in the 21st century."
The U.S. resident population includes the total number of people in the
50 states and the District of Columbia.
The most populous state in the country was California (33,871,648); the
least populous was Wyoming (493,782). The state that gained the most
numerically since the 1990 census was California, up 4,111,627. Nevada had
the highest percentage growth in population, climbing 66.3 percent
(796,424 people) since the last census.
Regionally, the South and West picked up the bulk of the nation's
population increase, 14,790,890 and 10,411,850, respectively. The
Northeast and Midwest also grew: 2,785,149 and 4,724,144.
Additionally, the resident population of the Commonwealth of Puerto
Rico was 3,808,610, an 8.1 percent increase over the number counted a
Prior to this announcement, Mineta, Shapiro and Census Bureau Director
Kenneth Prewitt transmitted the Census 2000 apportionment counts to
President Clinton three days before the Dec. 31 statutory deadline
required by Title 13 of the U.S. Code. (See tables 1-3.)
The apportionment totals transmitted to the President were calculated
by a congressionally-defined formula, in accordance with Title 2 of the
U.S. Code, to reapportion among the states the 435 seats in the U.S. House
of Representatives. The apportionment population consists of the resident
population of the 50 states, plus the overseas military and federal
civilian employees and their dependents living with them who could be
allocated to a state. Each member of the House represents a population of
about 647,000. The populations of the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico
are excluded from the apportionment population because they do not have
voting seats in the U. S. House of Representatives.
Prewitt noted that since 1790, the first census, "the decennial count
has been the basis for our representative form of government. At that
time, each member of the House represented about 34,000 residents,"
Prewitt said. "Since then, the House has more than quadrupled in size, and
each member represents about 19 times as many constituents."
President Clinton is scheduled to transmit the apportionment counts to
the 107th Congress during the first week of its regular session in
January. The reapportioned Congress, which will be the 108th, convenes in
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